PRP has been in use to treat various medical conditions for at least 30 years. For approximately the last 15 years PRP is injected into various joints and tendons to treat orthopedic conditions. PRP contains platelets, which her special which circular circulate in our blood. When the patient undergoes a PRP treatment, a blood sample was obtained and process in the laboratory so that plasma with a high concentration of platelets is obtained.
Then this PRP is injected into place for patient has disease such as osteoarthritis of the knee. When inside the knee, the platelets release growth factors which recruit special types of cells including mesenchymal cells (MCs). These MCs have the ability to change into different types of cells to repair damaged tissue such as damaged cartilage within the knee of a patient with osteoarthritis. Over the next 6-12 weeks a healing process occurs which significantly decreases pain and improves function. These beneficial effects are long-lasting and can’t provide up to 6-12 months of relief.